By: Aimen Javaid

Depression is a severe emotional problem in which person can’t stop feeling sad or “down or empty”, and consistently feels helpless and hopeless. It’s a state of blue mood and abhorrence to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being. In addition, depression is as “living in a black hole” or having a sense of impending down. It’s a disease that adversely affects how people feel, the way they think and the way they act.

Depression may be a common worldwide problem. There are estimates that quite 300 million people are suffering from depression globally. It affects an estimated one in 15 adults in any given year and one in six people experience it at a while in their life. Women are more likely than men to experience depression. Almost 12 million women in US experience clinical depression each year. Around 90% of men in United States experience depression.

Depressed people often struggle with anxiety and irritability, lack of motivation, a loss of delight in things they want to wish to do. It’s also believed that everybody, no matters their race, religion or social economic status are often suffering from this disease. At its worst, depression can cause suicide. On the brink of, 800,000 people die thanks to suicide per annum. Suicide is that the second leading explanation for death in 15 to 29-year-old people. In spite of the very fact that governments and agencies across the planet have made significant steps within the fight against depression.

Some emotional, psychological, or physical events or circumstances can cause depression symptoms. The foremost common symptoms of depression include feeling of helplessness and hopelessness, feels difficulty in thinking process, loss of interest in daily activities, changes in appetite or weight, sleep changes, agitation, restlessness and pacing up and down, slowed movement and speech, fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, concentrating, reckless behavior, unexplained aches and pains and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or an effort at suicide.

Counting on the amount and severity of symptoms, depressive disorders are often categorized into these different types; major depression: an individual with major depression experience a continuing state of sadness, persistent depressive disorder: also referred to as dysthymia, persistent depressive disorder causes symptoms that last for at 2 years, bipolar disorder: depression may be a common symptom of bipolar disorder, and research shows that folks with disorder may have symptoms around half of the time, psychotic depression: some people experience psychosis with depression. Psychosis can involve delusions, like false beliefs and a detachment from reality. It also can involve hallucination-sensing things that don’t exist and last one is postpartum depression: postnatal may be a severe sort of depression. Postpartum depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorders are unique to females.

Depression is a particularly complex disease. Nobody knows exactly what causes it, but it can occur for sort of reasons. Some people experience depression during a significant medical illness, like heart problem, obesity and diabetes, others may have depression with life changes like a move or the death of beloved. Still others have a case history depression, losing of job, being a victim of physical assault or a serious disaster, stressful life events, like loss, family conflicts, changes in relationship, incomplete recovery after having stopped treatment timely.

Several factors that can contribute to depression includes brain chemistry: imbalances in certain chemicals (neurotransmitters, which are involved in mood regulations) within the brain may contribute to symptoms of depression, genetics: depression can run in families, it can transfer from one parent to another, personality: people with low self-esteem, who are easily overwhelmed by stress, or who are generally pessimistic appear to more likely to experience depression, environmental factor: continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse or poverty may make some people more vulnerable to depression, poor nutrition: a poor diet can contribute to depression in several ways. A variety of mineral and vitamin deficiencies are known to cause symptoms of depression.

Fortunately, depression is among the foremost treatable of mental disturbance. About 80% to 90% of depressive patient eventually respond well to treatment. Different ways for the treatment of depression are; medication: antidepressants can help for the treatment of moderate to severe depression, psychotherapy: psychotherapy or talk therapy” is usually used alone for the treatment of mild depression, for moderate to severe depression psychotherapy is usually used along side antidepressant medications, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): it’s been founded to be effective in treating depression, Electroconvulsive Therapy: it’s a medical treatment that has been most ordinarily reserved for patients with severe major depression who haven’t responded to other treatments.

A World Health Assembly resolution passed in May 2013 has called for a comprehensive, coordinated response to mental disorders at the country level. Prevention programs are shown to scale back depression. Exercise programs for the elderly, also can be effective in depression prevention.
Self-help and coping: these are numbers of things people can do to assist reduce the symptoms of depression. Getting enough quality sleep on a daily basis, eating a heathy diet, regular exercise and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) also can help to scale back symptoms of depression. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the overwhelming majority of individuals with depression can overcome it.

To conclude, depression is an ongoing mental disorder, not a passing one. Depression in psychology may be a mood or emotional state marked by feeling of low self-worth or guilt and a reduced ability to enjoy life. If anyone experience any of the symptoms of this disease, don’t take it lightly, instead, consult a doctor or a psychiatrist. It’s not easy dealing with this disease, and if you neglect your own health, it can become overwhelming.