BY: FATIMA TAHIR

What are anxiety disorders?

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feeling of anxiety and fear anxiety is a worry about future events while fear is a reaction to current events while on the other hand anxiety is a normal reaction to stress. It can alert us to dangers and help us to prepare and pay attention.
Normal people also show anxiety fear and restlessness but pathologically.
The duration and intensity of anxiety disorders is different the people suffering from them show anxiety as well as psychological symptoms are sweating, racing heartbeat, trembling of legs, suffocation, rapid pulse rate, stomach disorder etc.
Anxiety disorders are further divided into six kinds. 1. Phobia
⦁ Panic disorder
⦁ Agoraphobia
⦁ Separation anxiety disorder
⦁ Social anxiety disorder
⦁ Generalized anxiety disorder

So first, what is phobia?
Meaningless and irrational fear of a thing or incident is known as phobia.

Anxiety disorders

⦁ The word “Phobia” derives from Greek god this god frightened the enemies now this word is used for pathological fear.
⦁ A phobia effects a person’s social as well as professional relations the individual experiences intense restlessness and agitation.
⦁ Psychoanalysts attach great importance to the content or a stimulus of a phobia they believe that the things causing a phobia indeed stands for some other incident or stimulus

Psychologists mention many types of phobia So, here we will talk about two types of phobia.
⦁ Specific phobia
⦁ Social phobia

So first we will discuss about Specific phobia.
The phobia that arises from a specific thing and is associated with a situation or stimulus is called a Specific phobia. A phobia is named after the specific stimulus that a person’s phobia is associated with.
For Example, the phobia of animals including organisms from insects to fierce beasts or the phobia of natural environment that includes mountains, valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfall etc.
⦁ Besides this phobia can be of the following types. 1. Hydrophobia
⦁ Acrophobia
⦁ Zoo phobia
⦁ He ma to phobia
⦁ Claustra phobia

⦁ A part from this, the individual may have a phobia of germs, injections, lifts, tunnels, boats etc.

⦁ Social phobia: A president and irrational phobia that relates to other is called social phobia. In its individuals avoids a particular situation especially a situation in which he may be become center of attention or may be any activity that has to be carried out in the presence of people. For example, speaking, eating at public places etc. The individual feels very uncomfortable or ashamed while participating in such an activity social phobia may relate to a specific as well as a general situation it depends upon the circumstances that the individual wants to avoid. The individual stays away from the places where he cannot have psychological or physical immediate way out.

⦁ General social phobia appears in early childhood. Along with it, the individual shows other symptoms that may include depression and addiction to drugs. We keep away from harmful and painful things on the basis of our knowledge experience, wisdom and insight. However, the mental patient fear is found in adult young men but its incidence is greater in women and girls.

A phobia has Its secondary benefits as well individuals wins the others attestation and sympathy a phobia attitude helps the individual to ease his anxiety it relieves the person of many responsibilities.
What are the major causes of anxiety disorders?
So here we will discuss about them: – According to the Theory of psychoanalysis the individual is gripped by anxiety when he resists the repressed impulses of the of. The anxiety is symbolically individual ignores these stimuli, he in fact tries to evade the anxiety associated with them.
⦁ Freud maintains that the repression of childhood incidents can also cause a phobia.
⦁ The individual adopts defense mechanism to avoid immoral, antisocial and sinful thoughts the failure of these strategies or much dependence upon them can also cause of phobia.
⦁ Behaviorists believe that a phobia is also response learned through conditioning any type of conditioning can cause a person to develop a phobia.
⦁ Modeling can also be a cause of its phobia e.g. the child having seen its mother fear of lizard’s cockroaches and mouse can also develop a phobia of them.
⦁ Lack of social skills can also cause a phobia.
⦁ Cognitive psychologists opine that a phobia may arise from the individual’s peculiar way of thinking.

So, these are the major causes of anxiety as we know every disorder has its scientific solution now a day’s science has more vast researches and scientific solutions. so here we will discuss about the treatment.
Treatment: – various techniques of behaviorist method of treatment is effective in this regard.
The learning of social skills also helps the individual to overcome a phobia psychoanalysis is being used successfully for the treatment of a phobia and other anxiety disorders.
So, at the end here are some tips to get of
So, at the end here are some tips to manage your anxiety so everyone who have anxiety issues have to follow this tip.
⦁ Take a time out
⦁ Eat and well-balanced meals
⦁ Limit alcohol and caffeine which can aggravate anxiety and trigger panic attacks
⦁ Get enough sleep
⦁ Exercise daily to help you feel good and maintain your health
⦁ Take deep breathes
⦁ Count down 10 slowly
⦁ Do your best and be positive

References:
Works Cited
Shahnaz, R. (n.d.). Caravan
Psychoogy Degree Class Vol 1 . Faisalabad:
Caravan Book House.