By : Laiba mushtaq

Sleep disorder are the conditions that impair a person’s ability to get normal restorative sleep. The causes of these conditions are variable and range from habits; people have developed before they go to sleep to a number of medical problems that disrupt the normal sleep cycle. Globally, insufficient sleep is prevalent across various age groups, considered to be a public health epidemic that is often unrecognized, unreported and that has rather high economic cost. The stress of chronic unhealthiness may also cause sleep disorder and daytime temporary state. Common conditions typically related to sleep issues embrace pyrosis, diabetes, disorder, contractor disorders, nephrosis, psychological state issues, medical specialty disorders, metastasis issues, and thyroid sickness Sleep could be a basic human want and is crucial to each physical and mental state. There are 2 sorts of sleep that typically occur in an exceedingly pattern of three-to-five cycles per night:

Rapid eye movement (REM) – once most dreaming happens
Non-REM – has 3 phases, together with the deepest sleep
When you sleep is additionally vital. Your body usually works on a 24-hour cycle (circadian rhythm) that helps you recognize once to sleep. How much sleep we want varies betting on age and varies from person to person. in keeping with the National Sleep Foundation most adults want concerning seven to 9 hours of relaxing sleep every night. the inspiration revised its sleep recommendations in 2015 supported a rigorous review of the scientific literature .Many people don’t get enough sleep. Nearly thirty  of adults get but six hours of sleep every night and solely concerning thirty  of college| high school} students get a minimum of eight hours of sleep on a median school night.2 Associate in Nursing calculable thirty five of Pakistani citizens report their sleep quality as “poor” or “only truthful.
Insufficient sleep leads to derailment of body symptoms, leading to increased incidents of cardiovascular diseases, increased chances of diabetes mellitus, obesity, and derailment of cognitive functions, vehicular accidents, and increased accidents of work places.

The increased usage of smartphone and electronic devices is worsening the epidemic. It is estimated that 20 to 30 percent of the population suffers from sleep disorder. Frequently having trouble in sleeping can be a frustration and debilitating experiences. There are more than 100 different waking and sleep disorders.

They can be grouped into four main categories; problem falling and staying asleep[ insomnia],problem staying awake[excessive daytime sleepiness],problem sticking to regular sleep schedule[sleep rhythm problem] and sleep disruptive behavior. Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS), conjointly called “Sleeping Beauty” syndrome, could be a rare nervous disorder defined by perennial bouts of hypersomnolence (excessive sleeping) in conjunction with psychological feature and behavioral issues throughout wakefulness
There are treatments for betterment of sleep disturbance. Therapies for this problem could be more effective than sleeping pills.
Medical treatment for sleep disturbances may embody any of the following:
sleeping pills.
melatonin supplements.
allergy or cold medication.
medications for any underlying health problems.
breathing device or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)
a dental guard (usually for teeth grinding)
Sleep is not only beneficial to physical health but to emotional health, safety and quality of life. A good night’s sleep improves learning of any type as it helps in maintaining attention, making decisions, and being creative . sleep is a barometer of good health and its need in the elderly should not be ignored . age related diseases lead to use of medication and these may have an effect on sleep. The increased isolation of the elderly population from their loved ones has a psychological impact on their well being and can aggravate the problem . the price of modernization is often the neglect of the elderly and many families are today guilty of this act. A feeling of being wanted and loved by their dear ones can instill in the elderly a desire to live.